"School psychologists need to be knowledgeable about academic, behavioral, and serious personal difficulties. They must be prepared to help in both prevention and intervention programs." - NASP, 1997.

Prevention, wellness promotion, and crisis intervention are vital parts of a School Psychologist's duties. These facets of School Psychology contribute to the overall positive well-being of all involved in School Psychology. A thorough knowledge of these domains is crucial to effective and comprehensive service delivery by any School Psychologist.

Level of Competence in Prevention, Wellness Promotion, and Crisis Intervention = not yet novice

I will provide evidence of my ongoing development in this area through course descriptions, as well as an influential reading and a website describing a prevention program that I learned about in APSY 674 - Interventions to support social, emotional, and behavioral well-being. I will also provide a reflection statement describing my ongoing commitment to gain competency in this domain.

Course Descriptions

APSY 674 - Interventions to Promote Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Well-being
This course promotes socio-emotional and behavioral well-being of children and youth who have emotional disturbances and behavioral problems in school and community settings. Weekly group discussions will focus on salient issues and practices relative to children and adolescents who have emotional and behavioral problems. Specifically, prevention and intervention strategies and program will be discussed both for use with individual clients and school-wide approaches.

Influential Reading

Roberts, A. R. & Ottens, A. J. (2005). The seven-stage crisis intervention model: A road map to goal attainment, problem solving, and crisis resolution. Brief treatment and crisis intervention, 5, 329-339.

This article is an excellent, step-by-step guide to crisis intervention. Each stage of the intervention is clearly explained and roles and responsibilities clearly highlighted. Suggestions for follow-up and evaluation are also given.


The following website outlines a school-wide prevention program aimed at "teaching social and emotional skills, promoting resilience, strengthening assets, and increasing coping skills of children and adolescents". Strong Kids is a program that helps kids identify and manage their feelings in appropriate and healthy ways. This program is great for School Psychologists to suggest to help schools prevent behaviors that are precursors to conduct disorder, internalizing disorders, and school dropout.

Strong Kids Prevention Program

Reflection Statement

Overall I feel that my competence in this domain is still relatively underdeveloped. Despite sound instruction and coursework in this area, I don't feel that I have gained enough specific training and knowledge in this area to be considered at a novice level of competency.

However, I have developed a plan to attain this level of competency throughout my internship. The first step of this plan involves simply asking my supervisor if I will be given training in specific prevention, wellness promotion, and/or crisis intervention techniques or programs. If this is the case, then I will capitalize on these opportunities and improve my competence.

If opportunities for me to gain competence in this domain were not going to be offered by my internship site, then I would ask my internship supervisor if I could attend a conference in non-violent crisis intervention training (http://www.crisisprevention.com/Training-and-Events/Nonviolent-Crisis-Intervention-Training-Prog-%28149%29) in Vancouver, BC on December 7th - 10th. The cost for this workshop is high ($899 US) so I would also want to know if funds can somehow be allotted for me to attend as a means of professional development.

Moreover, I will continue to read about best practices in prevention, wellness promotion, and crisis intervention as they relate to the role of a School Psychologist. Specifically, I would like to further explore programs such as the Strong Kids Program. I would like to gain greater knowledge about the implementation of "Positive Action" (http://www.positiveaction.net/) and "Caring School Community" (http://www.devstu.org/caring-school-community)prevention programs.

I believe that by completing these furthering activities and gaining knowledge and experience throughout my internship, I will have no problem attaining at least a novice level of competence in this area by the completion of my internship in April, 2011.